Long-term evidence suggests that actively monitoring localized prostate cancer is a safe alternative to immediate surgery or radiation, according to a recent study. The results, released on Saturday, are optimistic for men who want to avoid treatment related sexual and incontinence problems. The study directly compared monitoring, surgery to remove tumors, and radiation treatment, and found no difference in prostate cancer mortality at 15 years between the groups. Prostate cancer survival for all three groups was high, with a 97% average regardless of treatment approach. The study was funded by Britain’s National Institute for Health and Care Research and the findings have been published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Lead author Dr. Freddie Hamdy urges men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer to “consider carefully the possible benefits and harms caused by the treatment options”.